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Frog Eyes Might Be Key to Retinal Regeneration

Frog Eyes Might Be the Key to Retinal Regeneration

Often said to be the windows to the soul, our eyes are one of the main ways we perceive the world around us. Vision loss, whether due to aging or injury, can be devastating and often hinders the ability to work, leading to economic stress [1]. Current treatments for vision …

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Beneficial Effect of Exercise on DNA Methylation

The Beneficial Effect of Exercise on DNA Methylation

As difficult as it may be to drag ourselves out of bed in the morning to go for a run or fit in a quick trip to the gym after work, regular exercise is essential for a healthy life. Research has shown that regular physical exercise reduces the risk of …

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How Jet Lag Impacts Epigenetics

Up All Night and Asleep All Day: How Jet Lag Impacts Epigenetics

Anyone who has ever dragged themselves off of a red-eye flight, understands the exhaustion of jet lag. Depending on how far you’ve traveled, the effects of jet lag can last from days to weeks, leading to sleepless nights and tired days as your body attempts to reset its circadian clock. …

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Ripening Oranges with Epigenetics

Ripening Oranges with Epigenetics

Have you ever tried to peel an orange that wasn’t quite ripe yet? The peel sticks to the fruit, coming off in frustratingly small segments. Over the years, scientists have found that many different factors regulate the process of fruit ripening. The most well-known of these are plant hormones like …

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Implicating Methylation Variability in Depression

Implicating Methylation Variability in Depression

When Scott Kelly touched back down to Earth after nearly a year in space, scientists found that he was no longer strictly identical to his twin brother Mark [1]. While Scott’s DNA sequence was no different from his brother’s, he did have a number of epigenetic changes compared to Mark. …

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Epigenetic Regulators Are Important for Maintaining Bone Homeostasis

Balancing Bones: Epigenetic Regulators Are Important for Maintaining Bone Homeostasis

Walking the dog is not typically considered a dangerous task, but when an unexpected tug on the leash leads to a fall and a broken hip, it certainly becomes one. As we age, the balance between the formation of new bone and the removal of old bone shifts. New bone …

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Potential Treatment for Rett Syndrome Through Maintenance of X-inactivation

Maintenance of X-inactivation: A Step Towards a Potential Treatment for Rett Syndrome

Not only do the brown and black splotches of fur on calico cats make them pretty cute, they also reflect a moment early in mammalian development called X-chromosome inactivation. While females have two X-chromosomes, males only have one, so to ensure that the expression of genes on the X-chromosome is …

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Seafood toxins alter DNA methylation

Sex-specific Alterations in DNA Methylation from Prenatal Exposure to Seafood Toxins

Exposure to toxins in the womb can alter DNA methylation in the offspring [1], [2], persisting after birth [3]. Changes in DNA methylation in umbilical cord white blood cells (UCWBCs) have been linked to increased prevalence of disease, such as asthma [4]. To date, studies have dealt with a single …

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