Can Epigenetics Fix a Broken Heart? Epigenetic Modifications Enhance the Cardiac Competency of Adult Stem Cells

Can Epigenetics Fix a Broken Heart? Epigenetic Modifications Enhance the Cardiac Competency of Adult Stem Cells

          In Mathias Malzieu’s novel “The Boy with the Cuckoo-Clock Heart”, Jack is born with a frozen, dysfunctional heart which, fortunately for him, is soon replaced with a workable heart made from a cuckoo clock. If found in a similar situation, who would not desire such an amazing, albeit strange, miracle? …

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Epigenetic Diagnostics

Epigenetic Diagnostics: Locus-specific DNA Methylation Testing Poised for Clinical Impact

Precision medicine holds great potential to make a direct positive impact in the clinic. A growing number of diagnostic panels addressing a list of disease indications are now available for testing. Currently most tests are designed for genetic analysis of sample DNA to help inform treatment decisions. With a few …

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Alzheimer’s & the Brain Stem

Epigenetic Dysregulation Within the Brainstem in Alzheimer’s Disease

The elusive nature of the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) impedes scientific breakthroughs in diagnostics or efficient therapeutics for this devastating disorder. To date, the long-prevailing theories of genetic contribution do not adequately explain the pathogenesis of the disease and, alternatively, epigenetic regulation has been proposed as a key …

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epigenetic mechanisms in allergic diseases

Asthma & Histone Acetylation: an important epigenetic mechanism in allergic diseases

Epigenetic regulation is thought to be one of the most important mechanisms contributing to the development and clinical course of chronic immunological diseases like allergies and asthma. DNA methylation has been extensively studied in this context, which has not been a case of histone modifications such as histone acetylation or …

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ncRNA is Synergistically Regulated by Various Epi-Modifications

Non-coding RNA Expression is Synergistically modulated by Various Types of Epigenetic Modifications

It is well known that most of the mammalian genome is transcribed, producing large amounts of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). The two main types of ncRNA are micro RNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). MiRNAs are a recently discovered and well-characterized class of ncRNAs that are frequently dysregulated in different …

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Patient-derived tumor xenograft models (PDXs) for ovarian cancer

A Better Model System for Ovarian Cancer: Patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDXs) are suitable for epigenetic methylome-based cancer research

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. After epigenomic analysis of patient tumors, aberrant DNA methylation patterns are universally observed in the most abundant histological subtype of ovarian cancer, high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC). These epigenetic modifications like DNA methylation are known to frequently affect gene regulation involved in …

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DNA methylation as age prediction marker

Whodunit? Using DNA Methylation in Forensics

For some reason crime scene investigations and murder mysteries seem to fascinate us. So much so, that the countless books and television shows never seem to get old. Like most things on television however, life in a forensics lab is often portrayed to be much more fantastical than real life …

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Basal Cell Carcinoma - cancer

A New and Targetable Epigenetic Biomarker for the Most Common Cancer

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cancer in people of Caucasian descent. BCC affects 2-3.5 million Americans yearly, and in some countries such as Denmark, BCCs outnumber all other cancers combined. Most BCCs can be successfully treated with surgery, particularly using Mohs micrographic surgical techniques, but some BCC …

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